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The fertile lands of the Tigris and Euphrates are one of the centers of origin of ancient civilizations – Mesopotamia. Here peoples and cultures flourished and disappeared without a trace. Here the interests of the powers of antiquity and modernity intersected. Therefore, this region is interesting for its history and culture.

General theoretical articles

The king who kills the lion. Nineveh
History of Ancient Mesopotamia

The history of ancient Mesopotamia from the first cities of Akkad and Sumer to the great empires of Assyria and Babylonia.

Figures of the gods from Eshnunna
Peoples of ancient Mesopotamia

History of the Mesopotamian peoples ("black-headed") - Sumerians, Akkadians, Assyrians from IV to I millennium BC. From their appearance in Mesopotamia and to their complete assimilation by the Arameans.

Dedicatory inscription on a stone tablet
The Culture of Ancient Mesopotamia

The culture of Ancient Mesopotamia and its influence on the cultures of subsequent eras and the extinction under the "blows" of Hellenism.

Early dynastic period. Mid XXVIII-XIV centuries BC

Naramsuen Stele
Akkadian Empire and the Third Dynasty of Ur

The Akkadian state and the III dynasty of Ur - the history of Mesopotamia from the XXIV-XXI centuries BC, when strong states were easily formed and also easily collapsed under the onslaught of "barbarians".

Mitanni. XVII-XIII centuries BC

The Mitanni Seal is a cylindrical seal with a winged spirit. Between 1500 and 1300 BC.
History of the Hurrians and the State of Mitanni

The history of Mitanni is just a few centuries from the thousand-year history of Mesopotamia. But at one time, the Hurrian mitanians had a great influence on the Hittites and Assyrians, and also made a great contribution to the art of war by inventing light chariots.