History of the Mesopotamian peoples ("black-headed") - Sumerians, Akkadians, Assyrians from IV to I millennium BC. From their appearance in Mesopotamia and to their complete assimilation by the Arameans.
What path did the emergence of civilizations take? What natural preconditions allowed organizing disparate communities into one state? What is the mechanism of the formation of ancient societies? This article is an attempt to answer these difficult questions.